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Problems of Education in Indonesia

Thursday, December 8, 2011


Role of Education in Development

Education has the task to transform and prepare the human resource development. The pace of development has always strived step in rhythm with the demands of the times. The times always bring up new issues that have never thought about before. This chapter will examine the underlying problems of education, and serve targeted interplay between the principal, the factors influencing its development and actual problems and ways to overcome them.

What will happen if the development in Indonesia is not accompanied by development in the field of education?. Despite his physical development is good, but what's the point when the nation's moral decline. If this happens, the economy would be problematic, because each person will be corruption. So it will eventually come a day when the state and the nation is destroyed. Therefore, for prevention, education must be one of the priorities in the development of the country.

Government and Education Problems Solutions

Regarding the issue pedidikan, our government's attention was still very minimal. This picture is reflected in the diversity of an increasingly complex education issues. The quality of students is still low, teachers are less professional, cost of education, even chaotic Education Act rules. The impact of poor education, the future of our country gets dragged. This downturn may also result from the average size of budget allocations for education at the national, provincial, and city and county.

Solving the problems of education should not be done separately, but must be steps or actions that are thorough. That is, we not only pay attention to increase the budget only. Because it's useless, if the quality of human resources and quality of education in Indonesia is still low. Problem Nine-year Compulsory Education implementation is still a true great PR for us. The fact that we can see that many in the countryside who do not have adequate educational facilities. With the abandonment of the nine-year compulsory education program resulted in Indonesian children are still many who drop out of school before completing their nine-year compulsory education. Under these conditions, when no significant change in policy, it is difficult for this nation out of the educational problems that exist, let alone survive the competition in the global era.

Ideal conditions in the field of education in Indonesia is every child can go to school at least until the high school level regardless of status because that is their right. But it is very difficult to realize at this time. Therefore, at least everyone has an equal chance of attending any education. If you look at the above problems, there is an inequity between the rich and the poor. As if the school's only rich people just so that people with low to feel inferior to school and hang out with them. Plus the publication of the school about scholarships is very minimal.

Free Schools in Indonesia should have adequate facilities, competent faculty, the curriculum is appropriate, and has the administrative and bureaucratic system of good and uncomplicated. However, in reality, free schools are schools located in remote areas of slums and everything was not able to support the school bench which raised the question, "Is it true that the school is free? If yes, yes reasonable because it is very alarming.

Implementation of Quality Education

"Education quality is expensive". These words often appear to justify the high costs of attending any public education bench. The high costs of education from Kindergarten (TK) to Higher Education (PT) make the poor have no choice but do not attend school. Poor people should not be sekolah.Untuk entering kindergarten and SDN alone now will cost Rp 500,000, - to Rp 1,000,000. There's even picked up over $ 1 million. Sign Junior / Senior High School could reach USD 1 million to Rp 5 million.

The more expensive cost of education today can not be separated from government policies that implement School-Based Management (SBM). MBS in Indonesia in reality is more understood as an effort to mobilize funds. Therefore, the School Committee / Board of Education which is an organ of the MBS has always required the element of entrepreneurs. The assumption, entrepreneurs have access to broader capital. The result, after the School Committee is formed, sometimes under the guise of all levy money, "according to School Committee's decision".

However, at the implementation level, it is not transparent, because it is elected to the board and committee members are the ones close to the Principal. As a result, only the School Committee policy legitimator Principal, and MBS was just a disclaimer legitimacy of the state to the problems of education of its people.

This condition will be worse with the Draft Law on Education Legal Entity (BHP bill). Changing the status of education of the public property to the form of legal entity has clear economic and political consequences great. With the change of status, the government can easily throw its responsibility for the education of its citizens to the owners of legal entities that figure is not clear. State University was transformed into State Owned Legal Entity (BHMN). The emergence BHMN and MBS are a few examples of the controversial education policy. BHMN own impact on the soaring costs of education in some universities favorites.

Privatization and Privatization in Education Sector

Privatization or weakening the state's role in public service sector can not escape from the pressures of debt and debt policies to ensure payment. Indonesia's foreign debt amounting to 35-40 percent of the state budget each year is a driving factor privatization of education. As a result, sectors such as education funding absorbing the victim. Education funding cut to a mere 8 percent (Reuters, 10/05/2005).

In 2005 only 5.82% Budget allocated to education. Compare with funds to pay debts that drain 25% of spending in the state budget (www.kau.or.id). The government plans to privatize education legitimized through a number of regulations, such as the Law on National Education System, Legal Education Bill, Draft Government Regulation (RPP) of the Elementary and Secondary Education, and RPP on Compulsory Education. Strengthening the privatization of education, for example, is seen in Article 53 (1) of Law No. 20/2003 on National Education System (System). In that article mentioned, organizers and / or formal education unit established by the Government or incorporated community education.

As with companies, schools freed seeking capital to be invested in educational operations. NGO Coordinator for Justice Education Network (ENJ), Jackie Mukhtar (Reuters, 10/05/2005) judged that the privatization of education means the government has legitimized the commercialization of education by handing responsibility for providing education to the market. That way, schools will have the autonomy to decide for themselves the cost of education. School course will peg the cost as high as to improve and maintain quality. As a result, access to people who are less able to enjoy a quality education will be limited and increasingly fragmented society based on social status, between rich and poor.

The same thing is spoken Bawsir Revrisond economic observers. According to him, privatization of education is the agenda of global capitalism that has been designed long ago by donor countries through the World Bank. Through the Draft Law Legal Education (BHP bill), the government plans to privatize education. All the education unit will become legal education (BHP) are required to seek its own funds. This applies to all public schools, from elementary to college.

For certain people, some state universities are now changing the status of a State Owned Legal Entity (BHMN) is a scourge. If the reason is that quality education must be expensive, then the argument is valid only in Indonesia. In Germany, France, Holland, and in several other developing countries, many colleges of education quality but low cost. Even some countries there is eliminate tuition fees.

Quality education is not possible cheap, or rather, do not be cheap or free. But the problem is who should pay for it? In fact the government is obliged to guarantee every citizen access to education and ensure public access down to get a quality education. However, the fact that the Government actually want to argue from responsibility. Though limited funds can not be a reason for the Government to wash their hands.

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1 komentar:

Gracea Vebby WK said...

What a great content!

"What will happen if the development in Indonesia is not accompanied by development in the field of education?" - I can't agree more with this particular line. Education is the bottom line of a nation development.

Thank you for posting this.

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